“In his final pamphlet of this series, No Treason No. 6, "The Constitution of No Authority," Spooner broke new ground by demolishing the theory of tacit consent. Spooner argued that merely living in a certain geographic area under control of a government, or voting in government elections, in no way implied one's consent to the government of that territory. Elections mean nothing; for Spooner showed that a majority of people never vote, and of those who do, the number supporting the elected candidates is so small (as a percentage of the population) as to be ludicrous. "Elections are secret; therefore, you cannot call representatives legal agents, since they do not know specifically whom they do represent." Therefore, having voted in an election in no formal way demonstrates that one consented to anything. "On the question of the Constitution itself, no vote ever had been taken, and as a legal contract the Constitution has no validity."
-- No Treason, Lysander Spooner